Those Who Made It Happen

Ambassador F. Haydn Williams

American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC)

1994 - 2001 Commissioners
General Fred F. Woerner, USA (Ret)Chairman
Prior to his retirement from active duty on Nov. 1, 1989, General Woerner was commander in chief, United States Southern Command. Born in Philadelphia, he graduated and received his commission from the U. S. Military Academy, West Point, N. Y., and holds a master of arts degree in Latin American history from the University of Arizona. An infantry commander and Latin American specialist, the general served two tours in Vietnam. From 1990-2003, he was a professor of international relations at Boston University.

Governor Hugh L. CareyVice Chairman
(April 11, 1919 – August 7, 2011)
A former governor of New York and member of Congress, Hugh Carey was chairman of the board of advisors, Cambridge Partners, L.L.C. in New York, counsel in the Palm Beach office of Heinrich, Gordon, Hargrove, Weihe & James, and counsel to Whitman, Breed, Abbott & Morgan. Born in Brooklyn, the governor graduated from St. John’s University and the St. John’s School of Law. During World War II, he served in France, the Netherlands and Germany with the 104st Infantry Division, rising to the rank of colonel, and helped liberate the Nordhausen concentration camp.

Brig. Gen. Evelyn P. Foote, USA (Ret)
Born in Durham, N.C., General Pat Foote is a graduate of Wake Forest University, holds a master of science degree in public administration from Shippensburg State University, and an honorary doctor of arts degree from Wake Forest. She is also a 1980 graduate of the executive program of the University of Virginia. Her military service includes assignments in Europe and with Headquarters, U. S. Army Vietnam. Prior to retirement from active duty in 1989, she was commanding general, Fort Belvoir, Va.

Steven M. Hilton
Steven Hilton is the vice president of government relations for McDonald’s Corporation and a former principal with the Legislative Strategies Group, a government relations firm in Washington, D.C. He served the Clinton administration as deputy assistant to the president and deputy director in the Office of Public Liaison, served as Of Counsel to the D.C. law firm of Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer and Feld, L.L.P. and served as minority chief of counsel and staff director for the Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution and as senior legislative assistant to Sen. Specter. A major in the Army Reserve, he received a B.A. in politics from Princeton University and his J.D. from Georgetown.

Rolland E. Kidder
A native of Jamestown, N. Y., Rolland Kidder graduated from Houghton College, the Evangelical Theological Seminary and the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law. The founder and former president of Kidder Exploration, Inc., Kidder also served as an investment advisor at P. B. Sullivan & Co. Mr. Kidder served as an officer in the Navy on a minesweeper based in Japan and on a patrol boat in Vietnam. He served in the New York State Assembly from 1975 to 1982, and as trustee, New York Power Authority from 1983 through 1993.

Brig. Gen. Douglas Kinnard, USA (Ret)
(September 3, 1921 – July 29, 2013)
Douglas Kinnard, a 1944 graduate of the U. S. Military Academy, West Point, N. Y., served in combat in World War II, Korea, and twice in Vietnam. After receiving a Ph.D. in politics from Princeton University in 1973, he joined the political science faculty at the University of Vermont. While there, he took a two-year leave of absence to serve as chief of military history, U. S. Army. An emeritus professor at Vermont, he continues to write and lecture, and has been a visiting professor at many universities. He is the author of five books and numerous articles and essays.

Governor Ned R. McWherter
(October 15, 1930 – April 4, 2011)
Ned McWherter was the governor of Tennessee from 1987 to 1995. Prior to his appointment to the American Battle Monuments Commission, he served on the Postal Service Board of Governors. He was elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1968, serving as Speaker of the House and chairman of the House Calendar and Rules Committee. He served on the boards of several corporations and financial institutions, was a member of the Board of Governors of the Council on State Governments, and served 21 years in the Tennessee National Guard, retiring as a captain.

Frank B. Moore
Frank Moore served as assistant to the president for congressional liaison during the Carter administration, and served then-governor Carter as special assistant and chief of staff. He was vice president for government affairs at WMX Technologies, Inc., and served on the boards of several organizations such as the World Board of Governors of the USO, the Democratic Leadership Council, the Environment Committee of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, and the Lincoln Park Zoo Board. He received a B.B.A. in finance from the University of Georgia, and is a graduate of the Harvard Advanced Management Program. He currently serves as the Treasurer of the Friends of the National World War II Memorial.

William G. Simpson
William Simpson is president of Bill Simpson and Associates, Inc. He served as Washington representative for three successive governors of Mississippi, and during the Carter administration was a deputy assistant to the president. From 1968 to 1978, he was an administrative assistant to Senator Eastland, and prior to that was special assistant to Governor Johnson of Mississippi. He is a former naval officer and a graduate of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. He attended the Marion Military Institute and the University of Mississippi.

William M. Wardlaw
William Wardlaw is a partner of Freeman Spogli & Co., Inc., a privately owned merchant banking firm. From 1984 to 1988, he was managing partner of Riordan & McKinzie and, from 1980 to 1984, he was a partner at O’Melveny & Myers. He is the recipient of the 1995 Urban Leadership Award and the Greater Los Angeles African-American Chamber of Commerce Special Recognition Award. He received a B.A. with highest honors from Whittier College and a J.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Ambassador F. Haydn Williams
Ambassador Williams is a World War II Navy veteran. He graduated from UC Berkeley, and holds an MA and Ph.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He held a number of senior defense department positions during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, and served as President Nixon and Ford’s personal representative for the Micronesian Status Negotiations from 1971-76. Ambassador Williams served on a number of government, cultural, education and public affairs boards and commissions, and is president emeritus of The Asia Foundation.

After initial consultations with the National Park Service (NPS) and others, Ambassador Williams led the effort to establish Friends of the National WWII Memorial and, in 2007, became its first chairman. He also did much of the drafting the National Park Service Friends of the National WWII Memorial Agreement establishing Friends as the Park Service’s private partner for the WWII Memorial. On his retirement he was elected Friends Chairman Emeritus in 2009 but remains actively interested in the organization and its ongoing mission.

2001 - 2004 Commissioners
General P. X. Kelley, USMC (Ret)Chairman
General Kelley is a partner with J.F. Lehman & Company and serves as a director for a number of corporations. From 1983 until his retirement from the Marine Corps in 1987, he served as the 28th Commandant of the Marine Corps and member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. During his 37-year military career he commanded Marine Corps organizations at every echelon, including an infantry battalion and infantry regiment during two separate combat tours in Vietnam. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Villanova University, and honorary doctoral degrees from a number of universities. He previously served as chairman of the American Battle Monuments Commission from 1990 to 1994.

Lieutenant General Julius W. Becton, Jr., USA (Ret)
General Becton’s military career spanned 40 years and included service in the Pacific Theatre during World War II, the Korean War, and Vietnam War. Following military retirement in 1983, he served as director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, president of Prairie View A&M University, and superintendent and CEO of D.C. Public Schools and the Emergency Transitional Education Board of Trustees. General Becton holds a bachelor’s degree from Prairie View, a master’s degree from the University of Maryland, and several honorary doctoral degrees. He has served on a number of corporate and philanthropic boards.

Major General Patrick H. Brady, USA (Ret)
General Brady’s 34-year military career included two combat tours in Vietnam, where he developed tactical and foul weather helicopter flying techniques never before executed in combat. He flew over 2,000 combat missions, evacuated more than 5,000 wounded, and earned the Medal of Honor for extracting 51 severely injured patients from areas where other aircraft had failed or were shot down. He held a variety of command and staff positions, including chief of public affairs for the Army and secretary to the United Nations Military Armistice Commission in Korea. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Seattle University and a MBA from the University of Notre Dame.

James B. Francis, Jr.
Since June 1996, Mr. Francis has served as president of Francis Enterprises, Inc., an investment and governmental and public affairs consulting firm. Prior to this, he was the only non-family partner of the Bright & Company investment firm, where he managed or supervised all oil and gas marketing, and negotiated the purchase and sale of the Dallas Cowboys Football Club. He has had a number of Board of Director affiliations. He currently sits on the board of Silverleaf Resorts, Inc., and is a commissioner of the Texas Department of Public Safety. Mr. Francis served an active duty tour in the U.S. Air Force after receiving a bachelor’s degree from Tulane University.

General Frederick M. Franks, Jr., USA (Ret)
A 1959 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, General Franks completed a 35-year military career in 1994. At the time of his retirement, he was the commander of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Prior to that assignment, he commanded American and British forces of VII Corps during Operation Desert Storm in the main ground attack that liberated Kuwait in 1991. General Franks collaborated with author Tom Clancy on a book, Into the Storm, a Study in Command, has written for magazine publication on battle command, and speaks publicly on leadership. He holds two master’s degrees from Columbia University.

Colonel Antonio Lopez, USAF (Ret)
Colonel Lopez retired from the U.S. Air Force in 1982 after 27 years of service that included a combat tour in Vietnam as a forward air controller. Following retirement, he managed Latin American business development for the Vollrath Company. He was appointed special assistant to the president and director of the White House Military Office during the Bush-Quayle Administration, and served as associate director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. After government service, he was secretary for development and public relations, The Catholic Diocese of Memphis. He earned a bachelor’ degree from the University of Colorado and a master’s degree from the University of Southern California.

Joseph E. Persico
After a career in the foreign service and 11 years as chief speechwriter for Governor and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, Mr. Persico became a historian and biographer. He co-authored with Colin Powell the general’s autobiography My American Journey. His other books include, The Imperial Rockefeller, Nuremberg: Infamy on Trial (adapted as a television miniseries), My Enemy My Brother: Men and Days of Gettysburg, Piercing the Reich, and Roosevelt’s Secret War. He has appeared frequently on History Channel documentaries. He served as a naval officer during the Korean War and holds a bachelor’s degree and an honorary doctoral degree from the State University of New York at Albany.

Chief Master Sergeant Sara A. Sellers, USAF (Ret)
A 30-year Air Force veteran, Chief Sellers retired from active service in 1981. Military assignments took her to Germany, Korea, Okinawa, the Aleutian Islands, Spain, England, the Pentagon and numerous stateside bases. Following retirement, she was appointed by Secretary of Defense Cheney to the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Service (DACOWITS). Chief Sellers serves as a Tennessee Republican State Executive Committee Woman, is the vice chair of the Tennessee Commission on National Community Service, and sits on the Board of Directors of the Johnson City/East Tennessee State University America’s Promise.

Senator Alan K. Simpson
Senator Simpson retired from the U.S. Senate in 1996 after representing the people of Wyoming for 18 years. While in the Senate, he served as assistant majority leader, assistant minority leader, and chairman of the Veterans Affairs Committee. Senator Simpson served as director of the Institute of Politics at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government from 1998 to 2000. He is currently a partner in a law practice with two sons in Cody, Wyo., and is a director on several corporate and philanthropic boards. He holds a bachelor’s degree from the University of Wyoming, and earned a law degree from that university’s law school.

Major General Will Hill Tankersley, AUS (Ret)
General Tankersley was deputy assistant secretary of defense for reserve affairs from 1974-77 and chairman of the DoD Reserve Forces Policy Board from 1985-90. He was a combat infantryman in six campaigns of the Korean War. He attended the Citadel before entering the U.S. Military Academy, graduating from West Point in 1950. He has a master’s degree from the College of Business at Auburn University and served as chairman of its Advisory Council and as chairman of the university’s Research Advisory Council.

Brigadier General Sue Ellen Turner, USAF (Ret)
General Turner was the director of nursing services in the Office of the Air Force Surgeon General at Bolling AFB, Washington, D.C., at the time of her retirement in 1995 after a 30-year military career. Prior to joining the Surgeon General’s staff, she was chief of the Division of Nursing at the Wilford Hall Air Force Medical Center in San Antonio, Texas, and the command nurse at U.S. Air Forces in Europe, Ramstein AB, Germany. Previous assignments took her to Japan, Thailand, and numerous stateside bases. She holds a bachelor’s degree in nursing from Incarnate Word College, and a master’s degree in nursing administration and adult health from the University of Alabama.

Executive Staff

2004 Executive Staff

Major General John P. Herrling
United States Army, Retired
Secretary, American Battle Monuments Commission

Major General John P. Herrling, United States Army (Retired), was appointed by the President in October 1995 to serve as Secretary of the American Battle Monuments Commission. He was the fifth officer to be appointed as the Secretary since the position was established in 1923 and served until 2005.

General Herrling was born in Auburn, New York. He holds a Master of Science Degree in Public Administration from Shippensburg University and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Psychology from the University of Scranton. His military schools include the United States Army War College, the Army Command and General Staff College, and Infantry Officers’ Basic and Advanced courses.

General Herrling has more than 35 years of active duty service. His last assignment was at Fort Monroe, Virginia, as the Deputy Commanding General and Chief of Staff, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command.

Prior assignments were as Commanding General, U.S. Army Training Center and Fort Dix, New Jersey; Executive Assistant to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe; Chief of Staff, VII Corps, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army; Assistant Division Commander, 3d Armored Division, Germany; Commander, 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, Fort Campbell, Kentucky. General Herrling also served as an instructor in the Ranger Department, U.S. Army Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia.

General Herrling’s awards include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Army Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, Legion of Merit (with Oak Leaf Cluster), Bronze Star Medal (with two Oak Leaf Clusters), and Purple Heart.

General Herrling is married, and he and his wife, Marlene, have three children: Kathleen, Karen and Mark.

 

Kenneth S. Pond
Executive Director, American Battle Monuments Commission
(October 18, 1934 – October 3, 2013)

Mr. Kenneth S. Pond, SES-6, was appointed Executive Director of the American Battle Monuments Commission in December 1994.

His experience with ABMC began in 1987 when he retired as Colonel, United States Army, and was immediately recalled to active duty to serve as Director of ABMC’s Mediterranean Region. In July 1993, he was appointed Director of Personnel and Administration in ABMC’s Washington headquarters. He retired from the Army in November 1994 to accept appointment as Executive Director, the organization’s only Senior Executive Service position.

Mr. Pond was born in Raleigh, North Carolina, and is a graduate of the University of Nebraska. He has a graduate degree from Georgia State University, attended the Emory University Graduate School of Business Administration, Advanced Management Program, and completed National War College and the Army Command and General Staff College.

He received his commission in the United States Army through Officer Candidate School in 1958. During early assignments, he served as Platoon Leader/Company Commander, Fort Dix, New Jersey; Company Executive Officer and Staff Officer, Panama; Company Commander, First Battalion, Third Infantry of the Old Guard, Washington, D.C.; and Senior Advisor to a South Vietnamese Infantry battalion. After serving as an instructor in the Ranger Department, Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia, he returned to Vietnam as a Battalion Executive Officer in the AMERICAL Division. Following this second combat tour, he served on the staff and faculty of the Infantry School at Fort Benning, and commanded the First Battalion, 29th Infantry Regiment. He next served as an Executive Assistant to the Inspector General of the Army in Washington, D.C.

Assignments in the grade of Colonel included Chief, Officer Professional Development Division, United States Total Army Personnel Command; Chief of Staff and Deputy Commander, Southern European Task Force, Italy; and Senior Army Advisor to the North Carolina National Guard.

His awards include the Legion of Merit with three Oak Leaf Clusters, Bronze Star with two Oak Leaf Clusters, Air Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Army Commendation Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters, Vietnam Service Medal with six Battle Stars, Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Gold Star, Unit Presidential Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Combat Infantry Badge, Parachutist Badge and Ranger Tab. In 1987, the Governor of North Carolina presented him with the North Carolina Distinguished Service Medal.

Mr. Pond is married to the former Miriam Yoder of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Ponds have a daughter, Kendall, and a son, Kenneth. Mr. Pond passed away on October 3, 2013.

WWII Memorial Site and Design Committee
Ambassador F. Haydn WilliamsChairman
Ambassador Williams is a World War II Navy veteran. He graduated from UC Berkeley, and holds an MA and Ph.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He held a number of senior defense department positions during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, and served as President Nixon and Ford’s personal representative for the Micronesian Status Negotiations from 1971-76. Ambassador Williams served on a number of government, cultural, education and public affairs boards and commissions, and is president emeritus of The Asia Foundation.

After initial consultations with the National Park Service (NPS) and others, Ambassador Williams led the effort to establish Friends of the National WWII Memorial and, in 2007, became its first chairman. He also did much of the drafting the National Park Service Friends of the National WWII Memorial Agreement establishing Friends as the Park Service’s private partner for the WWII Memorial. On his retirement he was elected Friends Chairman Emeritus in 2009 but remains actively interested in the organization and its ongoing mission.

Helen N. Fagin
Dr. Helen Fagin, a survivor of the Holocaust, retired as professor of English and director of Judaic studies at the University of Miami, Florida. She served on the content committee of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., and as chairman of the museum’s education committee. Dr. Fagin represented the advisory board on ABMC’s WWII Memorial Committee. She lectures and trains teachers in the moral lessons of the Holocaust, and was appointed to the Florida task force for teaching about prejudice and lessons of the Holocaust.

Brig. Gen. Evelyn P. Foote, USA (Ret)
Born in Durham, N.C., General Pat Foote is a graduate of Wake Forest University, holds a master of science degree in public administration from Shippensburg State University, and an honorary doctor of arts degree from Wake Forest. She is also a 1980 graduate of the executive program of the University of Virginia. Her military service includes assignments in Europe and with Headquarters, U. S. Army Vietnam. Prior to retirement from active duty in 1989, she was commanding general, Fort Belvoir, Va.

Rolland E. Kidder
A native of Jamestown, N. Y., Rolland Kidder graduated from Houghton College, the Evangelical Theological Seminary and the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law. The founder and former president of Kidder Exploration, Inc., Kidder also served as an investment advisor at P. B. Sullivan & Co. Mr. Kidder served as an officer in the Navy on a minesweeper based in Japan and on a patrol boat in Vietnam. He served in the New York State Assembly from 1975 to 1982, and as trustee, New York Power Authority from 1983 through 1993.

Frank B. Moore
Frank Moore served as assistant to the president for congressional liaison during the Carter administration, and served then-governor Carter as special assistant and chief of staff. He was vice president for government affairs at WMX Technologies, Inc., and served on the boards of several organizations such as the World Board of Governors of the USO, the Democratic Leadership Council, the Environment Committee of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, and the Lincoln Park Zoo Board. He received a B.B.A. in finance from the University of Georgia, and is a graduate of the Harvard Advanced Management Program. He currently serves as the Treasurer of the Friends of the National World War II Memorial.

Campaign Leadership
Bob Dole
National Chairman

Senator Bob Dole was the national chairman of the World War II Memorial Campaign. Recognized as one of our nation’s towering political figures, Senator Dole has a distinguished record of public service that has made a difference for America.

A decorated and wounded combat veteran of World War II, Bob Dole was raised on the plains of western Kansas. This tough, common sense conservative from America’s heartland has experience second to none: Senate Majority Leader, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, his party’s nominee for vice president, member of the House of Representatives, chairman of the Republican Party, a state legislator, and a county attorney. He resigned from the Senate in June 1996 to campaign as the Republican nominee for president.

In January 1997, Senator Dole received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor.

“His title of Leader is not just a job title, it’s a description of the man,” President Reagan said of Senator Dole. President Bush called Senator Dole “a great Republican Leader, as great as any in the past.” Bob Dole is one of only 16 Americans to serve as Senate Majority Leader, and his first stint in that position in the mid-1980s won praise nationwide. According to Congressional Quarterly, Senator Dole “proved a point that badly needed proving at the time: The Senate could be led.”

Senator Dole’s effectiveness as a consensus-builder and his commitment to deficit reduction and economic growth earned him the admiration of Republicans, Independents, and Democrats alike. On issue after issue, Senator Dole was a statesman who made his mark. He earned national acclaim for his leadership on behalf of the disadvantaged and Americans with disabilities, and for his mastery of foreign affairs.

During the Second World War, Bob Dole was a platoon leader in the legendary Tenth Mountain Division in Italy. In 1945, he was gravely wounded on the battlefield and was decorated for heroic achievement, receiving two Purple Hearts and a Bronze Star with one oak leaf cluster.

Senator Dole was born in Russell, Kansas. He is married to Senator Elizabeth Hanford Dole, and has a daughter, Robin, who resides in Virginia.

 

Frederick W. Smith
National Co-Chairman

Frederick W. Smith, chairman, president and chief executive officer of FedEx Corporation, a $17 billion global transportation and logistics holding company, was the national co-chairman of the World War II Memorial Campaign.

Smith is responsible for providing strategic direction for all FedEx Corporation business units, including Federal Express, FedEx Ground, FedEx Custom Critical, FedEx Global Logistics and Viking Freight. These FedEx Corporation companies serve 210 countries with operations that include 648 aircraft, 63,000 vehicles and over 2,600 facilities. More than 200,000 employees and contractors worldwide handle an average daily shipment volume of nearly five million items.

Smith founded Federal Express in 1971 and the company began operations on April 17, 1973.

A leader in regulatory reform, Smith has been an active proponent of global commerce and “open skies agreements” for aviation around the world. In 1976, Smith launched an airline deregulation campaign before Congress, the Department of Transportation and the Civil Aeronautics Board to obtain an air-cargo operating certificate for large aircraft. The following year, President Carter signed air cargo deregulation into law, and passenger airline deregulation soon followed.

Under Smith’s leadership, Federal Express has continued to strengthen its industry leadership over the past 25 years with its total commitment to quality service. FedEx was the first service company to win the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award in 1990, and in 1994 was the first global express transportation company to receive simultaneous worldwide ISO 9001 certification, with re-certification in 1997.

Smith has served on the boards of several large public companies and is formerly chairman of the International Air Transport Association and chairman of the Executive Committee of the U.S. Air Transport Association. He is also a director of the Business Roundtable, CATO Institute, Library of Congress James Madison Council and the Mayo Foundation, and he serves as vice chairman of the U.S.-China Business Council.

A native of Marks, Mississippi, Smith attended Yale University, where he earned a bachelor’s of science degree in economics in 1966. Smith, a Vietnam War veteran, served as an officer in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1966-1970.

Memorial Advisory Board
The World War II Memorial Advisory Board was established through 1993 legislation to promote donations to support construction of the memorial to be located on the National Mall, and to assist the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) in site selection and design. President Bill Clinton appointed the board members on September 28, 1994.

Three members died prior to the May 29, 2004 dedication of the memorial: William C. Ferguson, Sr., a WWII Tuskegee Airman; Bill Mauldin, an award-winning political cartoonist best known for “Willie and Joe,” two weary, trudging WWII foot soldiers; and Sarah McClendon, a national newspaper reporter and columnist who volunteered for the WACS during WWII and earned an officer’s commission.

Commissioner Peter Wheeler – Chairman
Peter Wheeler has been commissioner of veterans affairs for the state of Georgia for more than 50 years. Wheeler served in the Army from 1942-46, and continued in the Georgia Army National Guard until his retirement in 1978 in the grade of brigadier general. He is past president of the National Association of State Directors of Veterans Affairs. His leadership provided for extensive veterans facilities in Georgia.

Admiral Ming E. Chang, USN (Ret)Member
Rear Admiral Ming Chang of Virginia had a distinguished 34-year career in the U.S. Navy, receiving four awards of the Legion of Merit (Combat V) and a Bronze Star (Combat V). Prior to his retirement in 1990, he served as the inspector general for the U.S. Navy, Washington, D.C.

Miguel EnciniasMember
Dr. Miguel Encinias served in the Army Air Corps and Air Force in World War II, Korea and Vietnam. He flew 70 missions in World War II, and was shot down and held prisoner for 15 months. In the Korean conflict, he flew 113 missions, was shot down, rescued and returned to duty. He flew 40 missions in the Vietnam War. Dr. Encinias, an educator with emphasis on Hispanic studies, has been awarded three Distinguished Flying Crosses, 14 Air Medals and two Purple Hearts.

Helen N. FaginMember
Dr. Helen Fagin, a survivor of the Holocaust, retired as professor of English and director of Judaic studies at the University of Miami, Florida. She served on the content committee of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., and as chairman of the museum’s education committee. Dr. Fagin represented the advisory board on ABMC’s WWII Memorial Committee. She lectures and trains teachers in the moral lessons of the Holocaust, and was appointed to the Florida task force for teaching about prejudice and lessons of the Holocaust.

Mack G. FlemingMember 
(May 3, 1932 – June 8, 2012)
Mack Fleming was staff director and chief counsel for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Veterans Affairs, and served as special assistant to the administrator of veterans affairs. An attorney from South Carolina, he served in the U.S. Army in Europe from 1956-58 and as a captain in the U.S. Army Reserves. Fleming earned a bachelor of science degree from Clemson University and a law degree from Washington College of Law, American University.

Melissa A. GrowdenMember
Melissa Growden is the granddaughter of Roger Durbin, the World War II veteran who provided the initial impetus for the legislation authorizing the World War II Memorial. Growden graduated from Siena Heights University, Adrian, Michigan, and earned a master of arts degree from Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio. Listed in Who’s Who in American Colleges and Universities, she is an art historian and holds other positions in higher education.

Jess Hay – Member
Jess Hay chaired the Texas Foundation for Higher Education and served on the boards of directors of SBC Communications, Inc., Viad Corporation, and Trinity Industries, Inc. Prior to his retirement in 2001, he also served on the board of directors of Exxon Mobil Corporation. He served as CEO of the Lomas Financial Group from 1965 until his retirement in 1994, is a former finance chair of the Democratic National Committee, and a former member and chairman of the Board of Regents of The University of Texas System.

Jon A. Mangis – Member
Jon Mangis was Virginia’s Commissioner of Veterans Affairs. He served in the U.S. Air Force from 1961-65, including a tour in Southeast Asia, and served with the Army National Guard from 1974 until retiring as a sergeant major in 1995. His father, a World War II B-17 pilot shot down in Holland, is buried at ABMC’s Netherlands American Cemetery in Margraten.

John William “Bill” Murphy – Member
(January 22, 1925 – January 31, 2006)
Bill Murphy, a World War II Marine Corps veteran, was a veterans’ advocate for nearly 50 years. An attorney and former state representative, he was chairman of the Arkansas Commission on Veterans Affairs, and was elected national vice commander of the American Legion in 1992. He was an active member of the Disabled American Veterans, the Purple Heart Society, the Veterans of Foreign Wars, and the Marine Raider Association.

Design Team
Leo A Daly, an international architecture and engineering firm, managed the National WWII Memorial team of architects and engineers. As architect-engineer for the project, Leo A Daly was legally and professionally responsible for the design, and had primary responsibility for the production of architectural construction documents, as well as contract administration and engineering. Leo A Daly has extensive experience working on projects for the U.S. government and is the fourth largest architecture / engineering firm in the U.S.

Friedrich St.Florian is the design architect of the National WWII Memorial. The former dean of the Rhode Island School of Design was selected to design the memorial from more than 400 entries in a nationwide competition. His career is distinguished by landmark theoretical works and critically acclaimed residences in the Rhode Island area. He has been the Associate Architect for Providence Place, a $450 million retail and entertainment facility in downtown Providence. Honors include the Rome Prize Fellowship at the American Academy in Rome, a Fullbright Fellowship, and a citation for excellence in architectural design from Progressive Architecture. George E. Hartman of Hartman-Cox Architects shared primary responsibility for architectural schematic design and design development with St.Florian.

Raymond J. Kaskey, an architect who sculpts, created all of the sculpture for the National WWII Memorial. His sculpture commissions include the Ronald Reagan Courthouse in Santa Ana, Calif., the Olympic Centennial Park in Atlanta, Ga., the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial in Washington, D.C., and the Portland Public Services Building in Portland, Ore.

James A. van Sweden was the landscape architect for the National WWII Memorial. Oehme, van Sweden and Associates’ landscape design work includes the Nelson A. Rockefeller Park on the Hudson River in New York City, the International Center Embassy campus in Washington, D.C., and the Frederik Meijer/Michigan Botanic Gardens in Grand Rapid, Mich. Mr. van Sweden passed away in September 2013.

Nicholas Benson, a third generation stone carver and letterer, is the owner-operator of The John Stevens Shop, a company founded in 1705 by John Stevens dedicated to the craft of calligraphy and hand-carved lettering in stone. Benson designed and carved the inscription lettering for the National WWII Memorial. Previous John Stevens Shop commissions include the Iwo Jima Memorial, the Kennedy Memorial in Arlington Cemetery, and the Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery, Ala.

Other members of the team:

  • Horton-Lees Lighting Design, Inc., lighting
  • Mueser-Rutledge Consulting Engineers, geo-technical and foundation design
  • Earthtech/TAMS Consultants, Inc., site/civil engineering
  • Cervantes & Associates, P.C., site/civil engineering
  • Geotech Engineers, Inc., geo-technical engineering
  • Heller & Metzger, specifications
  • CMS Collaborative, Inc., fountain consultants
  • Leonard Smith & Associates, Inc., cost estimating
  • Gage-Babcock & Associates, Inc., fire protection and security
Construction Team
The National World War II Memorial was built at the Rainbow Pool site on the central axis of the National Mall. The Rainbow Pool is located at the eastern end of the Reflecting Pool between the Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument. The Second World War is the only 20th century event commemorated on the Mall’s central axis.

Project Management
When Congress authorized the memorial in 1993, it placed the project under the direction of the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC), an independent agency of the executive branch of the federal government. ABMC engaged the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide project management and contracting services to support the establishment and construction of the memorial. GSA competitively selected the Gilbane Building Company to provide construction management services for the project

General Contractor
The general contractor of the construction project was the joint venture of Tompkins Builders and Grunley-Walsh Construction. Together, the firms have 135 years of experience on award-winning federal projects in and around the District of Columbia. Construction and renovation projects they participated in collectively include the Washington Monument, the Jefferson Memorial, the FDR Memorial, the White House, and the U.S. Capitol Building.

New England Stone Industries, the overall granite sub-contractor, fabricated the stone pillars and vertical walls at its plants in Smithfield and Quonset Point, R.I. The pavilions were fabricated by Rock of Ages at Barre, Vt. North Carolina Granite Corporation fabricated the plaza and pool stone at Mount Airy, N.C.Bronze casting of Kaskey’s sculpture was done at Laran Bronze, Inc. of Chester, Pa., and Stewart Springs/Valley Bronze of Joseph, Ore.

Schedule
Site preparation work began on Aug. 27, 2001 and construction began in September 2001. The memorial was opened to the public on April 29, 2004 and dedicated on May 29, 2004.

The National World War II Memorial 10th Anniversary Commemoration is co-hosted by the Friends of the National World War II Memorial and the National Park Service.

The event is generously sponsored by DAV (Disabled American Veterans), Target, FedEx Corporation, and Pepco Holdings, Inc.

Support also was provided by the Albert and Ethel Herzstein Charitable Foundation, Expeditors International of Washington, Inc., and Worthington Industries.

Friends of the National
World War II Memorial

921 Pennsylvania Ave. SE, Ste 316
Washington, D.C. 20003
202-675-2017
EMAIL

©2018 Friends of the National World War II Memorial

Friends is grateful to the following Founding Sponsors for their ongoing commitment to preserving the legacy, lessons, and sacrifices of our Greatest Generation.

Friends of the National WWII Memorial Sponsor AT&TFriends of the National WWII Memorial Sponsor F. Haydn WilliamsFriends of the National WWII Memorial Sponsor WalmartFriends of the National WWII Memorial Sponsor Crawford Taylor FoundationFriends of the National WWII Memorial Sponsor Hershey